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  • Writer's picturegaborscheiring

The social requisites of illiberalism

Updated: Dec 19, 2021

The world is facing a new wave of autocratization. Though each country has its local history, some of the social foundations of illiberalism are similar worldwide. These are the subject of this chapter.

Everything you ever wanted to know about illiberalism is in this massive volume: the Routledge Handbook of Illiberalism. 61 chapters, 1024 pages, constitutions, identity, gender, economics, democracy, it's all there - edited by András Sajó, Renáta Uitz, and Stephen Holmes. I contributed a chapter reviewing the social foundations of illiberalism, populism, and democratic backsliding. It's a comprehensive review of a large, multi-disciplinary literature analyzing global trends. Those of you familiar with my previous work on the topic will not be surprised that I conclude that the strict separation between culture and the economy is an analytical artifact only existing in the heads of political scientists. The most fertile approaches to analyzing illiberalism refuse to pit culture, the economy, and politics against each other as separate variables.


Cite as: Scheiring, Gábor. 2021. “The Social Requisites of Illiberalism,” in Routledge Handbook of Illiberalism, edited by András Sajó, Renáta Uitz, and Stephen Holmes. London, Routledge. DOI:

The accepted manuscript version of the chapter is available for free here:

The social requisites of illiberalism (Routledge Handbook of Illiberalism)
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